Year 3 Expectations


  • Spell words with additional prefixes and suffixes and understand how to add them to root words, for example – form nouns using super, anti, auto
  • Recognise and spell additional homophones, for example – he’ll, heel, heal
  • Use the first two or three letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary
  • Spell correctly word families based on common words, for example – solve, solution, solver
  • Spell identified commonly misspelt words from Year 3 and 4 word list
  • Make analogies from a word already known to apply to an unfamiliar word
  • Identify the root in longer words
  • Use the diagonal and horizontal strokes that are needed to join letters
  • Understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined
  • Increase the legibility, consistency and quality of handwriting


  • Look at and discuss models of writing of the text type, purpose and audience to be written, noting: structure; grammatical features and use of vocabulary
  • Compose sentences using a wider range of structures linked to the grammar objectives
  • Write a narrative with a clear structure, setting, characters and plot
  • Write a non-narrative using simple organisational devices such as headings and sub-headings
  • Suggest improvement to writing through assessing writing with peers and self-assessment
  • Make improvements by proposing changes to grammar and vocabulary to improve consistency, e.g. the accurate use of pronouns in sentences
  • Use a range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions, e.g. when, if, because, although
  • Use the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
  • Use conjunctions, adverbs and prepositions to express time and cause
  • Proof-read to check for errors in spelling and punctuation errors

Phonics Guide